LXXV BRITISH AND FRENCH MISSIONS 403 to a French army in an invasion of India. The heading to this chapter demonstrates the far-reaching scope of Napoleon's scheme, and corroboration was received from Constantinople that the Porte had been approached with a view to the passage of a French army across the Ottoman dominions. Meanwhile the convention of Tilsit had been signed almost at the same time, and it is generally believed that the partition of the East was discussed by Napoleon and the Tsar Alexander at their historical meeting; the fact that the French Emperor intended to appoint his brother Lucien to represent him at Teheran proves that he, at any rate, seriously intended to contest British supremacy in India. Fath Ali was deeply chagrined by the convention of Tilsit. The restoration of Georgia, for which he had hoped, was not even mentioned in it, and since France had by its terms made peace with Russia friendly offices had to take the place of a French army. Nevertheless Napoleon, whose optimism was remarkable, undoubtedly hoped to conclude an offensive and defensive alliance with Persia. The Fight for Power in Afghanistan^ 1799-1808.óWe must now turn to Afghanistan in order to record a fight for power which, together with the rise of Ranjit Singh, changed the whole situation and caused the Afghan peril to pass away. Zaman Shah owed his position to the support of Sirdar Payanda Khan, who had espoused his cause and seated him on the throne of Kabul. As was almost inevitable in Afghanistan, the Sirdar after a time fell into disfavour, plotted against his master, and was executed. He left behind him twenty-two sons, famous as the <c Barakzai brothers," the eldest of whom, Fath Khan, fled to Persia and joined Mahmud, brother of Zaman Shah, whom he persuaded to make a bid for the throne. Farrah was in the first place seized and, thanks to the aid given by the Barakzais, Kandahar subsequently fell. Mahmud then advanced on Kabul, and in 1800 defeated Zaman Shah, whom he blinded. The wretched man escaped in the end to Ludhiana, where he was granted a pension by the Honourable East India Company.